Bates , Henry Walter

Bates , Henry Walter
(1825–1892) British naturalist and explorer
The son of a stocking-factory owner in the central English town of Leicester, Bates left school at 13 and was apprenticed to a hosiery manufacturer, but still found time for indulging his hobby of beetle collecting. In 1844 he met Alfred Wallace and stimulated the latter's interest in entomology. This led, three years later, to Wallace suggesting they should travel together to the tropics to collect specimens and data that might throw light on the evolution of species.
In May 1848 they arrived at Pará, Brazil, near the mouth of the Amazon. After two years collecting together they split up, and Bates spent a further nine years in the Amazon basin. By the time he returned to England in 1859, he estimated he had collected 14,712 species, 8000 of which were new to science.
While collecting Bates had noted startling similarities between certain butterfly species – a phenomenon later to be termedBatesian mimicry. He attributed this to natural selection, since palatable butterflies that closely resembled noxious species would be left alone by predators and thus tend to increase. His paper on this, Contributions to an Insect Fauna of the Amazon Valley, Lepidoptera: Heliconidae (1861) provided strong supportive evidence for the Darwin–Wallace evolutionary theory published three years earlier.
Darwin persuaded Bates to write a book on his travels, which resulted in the appearance of The Naturalist on the River Amazon (1863), an objective account of the animals, humans, and natural phenomena Bates encountered. Although one of the best and most popular books of its kind, Bates was to comment that he would rather spend a further 11 years on the Amazon than write another book. He became assistant secretary of the Royal Geographic Society in 1864.

Scientists. . 2011.

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  • BATES, HENRY WALTER —    a naturalist and traveller, born at Leicester; friend of, and a fellow labourer with, Alfred R. Wallace; author of The Naturalist on the Amazons ; an advocate of the Darwinian theory, and author of contributions in defence of it (1825 1892) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Henry Walter Bates — Henry Walter Bates. Henry Walter Bates (* 8. Februar 1825 in Leicester, England; † 16. Februar 1892 in London)[1] war ein englischer Naturforscher, Evolutionsbiologe und Entomologe. Er wurde berühmt durch seine …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henry Walter Bates — Nacimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • Henry Walter Bates — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bates. Henry Walter Bates. Henry Walter Bates est un entomologiste britannique, né le 8 février …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Henry Walter Bates — FRS, FLS, FGS (February 8, 1825 ndash; February 16, 1892) was an English naturalist and explorer who gave the first scientific account of mimicry in animals. He was most famous for his expedition to the Amazon with Alfred Russel Wallace in 1848.… …   Wikipedia

  • Henry Walter Bates — (8 de febrero de 1825 16 de febrero de 1892) fue un naturalista y explorador inglés famoso por la expedición que realizó al Amazonas con Alfred Russel Wallace en 1848. Wallace regresó en 1852, pero perdió su colección en un naufragio. Cuando… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bates'sche Mimikry — Als Mimikry (engl. mimicry, von to mimic: „nachahmen, mimen“, verwandt mit griech. μίμηση (mímēsē): „Nachahmung, Imitation“) wird in der Biologie eine angeborene Form der Tarnung bezeichnet, die zur Täuschung eines Signalempfängers durch ein… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bates — is a popular surname, originating in Scotland and the North of England, is often used to refer to Bates College in Lewiston, Maine in the United States. People named Bates * Alan Bates (1934 2003), British actor * Albert Bates, U.S.… …   Wikipedia

  • Bates — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Al Bates (1905–1999), US amerikanischer Weitspringer Alan Bates (1934–2003), britischer Schauspieler Arthur Laban Bates (1859–1934), amerikanischer Politiker Barbara Bates (1925–1969), amerikanische… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bates — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Bates hace referencia a: abreviatura científica del botánico John Mallory Bates Alan Bates, actor británico Henry Walter Bates, entomólogo británico Obtenido de Bates Categoría: Wikipedia:Desambiguación …   Wikipedia Español

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