Kamerlingh-Onnes , Heike

Kamerlingh-Onnes , Heike
(1853–1926) Dutch physicist
Born at Groningen in the Netherlands, Kamerlingh-Onnes was educated at the university there, obtaining his doctorate in 1879. In 1882 he was appointed professor of physics at Leiden, where he remained for the rest of his career. There he started the study of low-temperature physics, at first in order to gather experimental evidence for the atomic theory of matter. However, his interest turned to the problems involved in reaching extremely low temperatures and, in 1908, he became the first to succeed in liquefying helium. Matter at low temperatures – only a few degrees above absolute zero – has such strange properties that a completely new field of cryogenic physics was opened up. The first of these properties to be studied was superconductivity, which Kamerlingh-Onnes discovered in 1911. This phenomenon involves the total loss of resistance by certain metals at low temperatures.
Kamerlingh-Onnes was elected to the Royal Academy of Sciences in Amsterdam for this research and, in 1913, was awarded the Nobel Prize for physics.

Scientists. . 2011.

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  • Kamerlingh Onnes, Heike — born Sept. 21, 1853, Groningen, Neth. died Feb. 21, 1926, Leiden Dutch physicist. He taught at the University of Leiden (1882–1923), and in 1884 he founded the Cryogenic Laboratory (now known by his name) that established Leiden as the world s… …   Universalium

  • Kamerlingh-Onnes — Heike …   Scientists

  • Kamerlingh-Onnes — Kamerlingh Onnes, Heike …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Kamerlingh-Onnes, Heike — ► (1853 1926) Físico holandés. Fue premio Nobel de Física en 1913, por sus trabajos sobre la física de las bajas temperaturas, descubriendo la superconductividad …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Kamerlingh Onnes, Heike — (21 sept. 1853, Groninga, Países Bajos–21 feb. 1926, Leiden). Físico holandés. Fue profesor en la Universidad de Leiden (1882–1923); en 1884 fundó el Laboratorio criogénico (conocido ahora por su nombre) que erigió a Leiden como el principal… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Heike Kamerlingh Onnes — en 1878 Naissance 21 septembre 1853 Groningue (Pays Bas) Décès 21 février …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kamerlingh Onnes — Heike Kamerlingh Onnes Heike Kamerlingh Onnes Heike Kamerlingh Onnes (21 septembre 1853 à Groningue 21 février 1926) était un physicien de nationalité néerlandaise, lauréat du prix Nobel de physique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Heike Kamerlingh Onnes — (* 21. September 1853 in Groningen; † 21. Februar 1926 in Leiden) war ein niederländischer Physiker und Nobelpreisträger für Physik. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Heike Kamerlingh Onnes — Heike Kamerlingh Heike Kamerlingh Onnes en 1878 …   Wikipedia Español

  • KAMERLINGH ONNES (H.) — KAMERLINGH ONNES HEIKE (1853 1926) Physicien néerlandais né à Groningue et mort à Leyde. Professeur à l’université de Leyde, prix Nobel de physique (1913), Kamerlingh Onnes fut l’un des créateurs de la physique des basses températures et le… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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