(c. 370–415) Greek mathematician
Hypatia, who was born in Alexandria, Egypt, was the daughter of Theon of Alexandria, the author of a well-known commentary of Ptolemy. In 400 she was reported to be head of the Neoplatonic school in Alexandria. None of her work has survived, although some information about her comes from the letters of her pupil Synesius of Cyrene. To her have been attributed commentaries on Ptolemy's Almagest, Diophantus's Arithmetic, and Apollonius'sConics. She also designed several scientific instruments including an astrolabe, a hydrometer, and a still.
Learning and science came to a violent conclusion in Alexandria and in the West, as did Hypatia. In conflict with Cyril, bishop of Alexandria, through her friendship with Orestes, the Roman prefect of the city, she was killed by a Christian mob. The circumstances of her death in March 415 have been described by the fifth-century historian Socrates Scholasticus: “All men did both reverence and had her in admiration for the singular modesty of her mind. Wherefore she had great spite and envy owed unto her, and because she conferred oft, and had great familiarity with Orestes, the people charged her that she was the cause why the bishop and Orestes were not become friends. To be short, certain heady and rash cockbrains whose guide and captain was Peter, a reader of that Church, watched this woman coming home from some place or other, they pull her out of her chariot: they hail her into the Church called Caesarium: they stripped her stark naked they raze the skin and rend the flesh of her body with sharp shells, until the breath departed out of her body: they quarter her body: they bring her quarters unto a place called Cinaron and burn them to ashes.”
The manner of her death and reports of her intellect and beauty have made her a romantic figure. For many centuries, with the possible exception of the alchemist Marie the Jewess, she was regarded as the only woman scientist of the Ancient World.

Scientists. . 2011.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hypatia — vor ihrer Ermordung in der Kirche. Gemälde von Charles William Mitchell, 1885, Laing Art Gallery, Newcastle Hypatia (auch Hypatia von Alexandria, griechisch Ὑπατία Hypatía; * um 355 in Alexandria; † März 415 oder …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hypatia — Hypatia, eine der gelehrtesten Frauen aller Zeiten, welche den Beweis liefert, daß weiblichem Forschungsgeiste und weiblicher Ausdauer selbst die Tiefen der ernstesten Wissenschaften, des speculativen Studiums, nicht verschlossen bleiben und daß… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Hypatia — Hypatia,   griechische Mathematikerin und Philosophin, * Alexandria 370, ✝ ebenda 415; Tochter des Theon von Alexandria, den sie bei der Abfassung mathematischer Schriften unterstützt haben soll. Ihr selbst werden Kommentare zum Almagest des… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Hypatĭa — Hypatĭa, Tochter des Mathematikers Theon aus Alexandria im letzten Viertel des 4. Jahrh. n. Chr., war in ihres Vaters Studien eingeweiht, lehrte in ihrer Vaterstadt u. in Athen die Philosophie des Plato u. Aristoteles u. erläuterte die Geometrie… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Hypatĭa — Hypatĭa, aus Alexandria, neuplaton. Philosophin, gest. 415 n. Chr., Tochter und Schülerin des Mathematikers Theon, studierte in Athen Philosophie und lehrte in Alexandria mit großem Beifall. Unter ihren Schülern wird der griechische Kirchenlehrer …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Hypatia — Hypatĭa, aus Alexandria, Tochter des Mathematikers Theon, Gattin des Philosophen Isidoros, ausgezeichnet durch Schönheit und Sittenreinheit, Lehrerin der Philosophie, bei einem durch die Vertreibung der Juden 415 n. Chr. veranlaßten… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Hypatia — Hypatia, hieß eine jungfräul. Philosophin u. gelehrte Schriftstellerin, welche zwischen dem 4. und 5. Jahrh. in ihrer Vaterstadt Alexandrien sehr angesehen war, indem sie den Neuplatonismus mit der aristotelischen Philosophie zu verbinden… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • HYPATIA — mulier Alexandrina, Theonis Geometrae filia, uxor Isid. Philosophi, sub Arcadio Imp. professa est Alexandriae varia disciplinarum genera, magno et frequenti auditorio, convolantibus undique discipulis. Suid. et Socrates l. 11. c. 12. Occisa in… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Hypatia — Hypatie d Alexandrie Portrait imaginaire d Hypathie d Alexandrie Hypatie d Alexandrie (en grec ancien Ὑπατία / Hypatia, v. 370 – 415) est une mathématicienne et une philosophe grecque. Son père Théon d Alexandrie, dernier directeur du Musée… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hypatia — /huy pay sheuh, pat ee euh/, n. A.D. c370 415, Greek philosopher renowned for her beauty. * * * ▪ Egyptian philosopher and mathematician born c. 370, Alexandria, Egypt died March 415, Alexandria  Egyptian Neoplatonist (Neoplatonism) philosopher… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”