Haldane , John Burdon Sanderson

Haldane , John Burdon Sanderson
(1892–1964) British geneticist
Haldane, who was born at Oxford, became involved in scientific research at an early age through helping in the laboratory of his father, the physiologist John Scott Haldane. His interest in genetics was first stimulated as early as 1901, when he heard a lecture on Mendel's work, and he later applied this by studying inheritance in his sister's (the writer Naomi Mitchison) 300 guinea pigs. On leaving school he studied first mathematics and then the humanities at Oxford University. He served in World War I with the Black Watch Regiment and was wounded at Loos and in Mesopotamia. Some work on gas masks, following the first German gas attacks, marked the beginning of his physiological studies.
In 1919 Haldane took up a fellowship at Oxford, where he continued research on respiration, investigating how the levels of carbon dioxide in the blood affect the muscles regulating breathing. He was next offered a readership in biochemistry at Cambridge, where he conducted some important work on enzymes. These experiments, and later work on conditions in submarines, aroused considerable public interest because he frequently used himself as a guinea pig.
In 1933 Haldane became professor of genetics at University College, London, a position he exchanged in 1937 for the chair of biometry. While at London he prepared a provisional map of the X sex chromosome and showed the genetic linkage between hemophilia and color blindness. He also produced the first estimate of mutation rates in humans from studies of the pedigrees of hemophiliacs, and described the effect of recurring deleterious mutations on a population. With the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War, Haldane joined the Communist Party and advised the republican government on gas precautions. In the 1950s he left the party as a result of Soviet acceptance and promotion of Trofim Lysenko. In protest at the Anglo-French invasion of Suez, Haldane emigrated to India in 1957, becoming an Indian citizen in 1961. He was director of the laboratory of genetics and biometry at Bhubaneswar from 1962 until his death.
Haldane's books include Enzymes (1930), The Causes of Evolution (1932), and The Biochemistry of Genetics (1954); he also wrote a number of books popularizing science.

Scientists. . 2011.

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  • John Burdon Sanderson Haldane — noun Scottish geneticist (son of John Haldane) who contributed to the development of population genetics; a popularizer of science and a Marxist (1892 1964) • Syn: ↑Haldane, ↑J. B. S. Haldane • Instance Hypernyms: ↑geneticist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Haldane , John Scott — (1860–1936) British physiologist Haldane, the son of a lawyer, was educated at the university in his native city of Edinburgh, where he obtained his MD in 1884. He worked first at the University of Dundee but moved to Oxford to assist his uncle,… …   Scientists

  • Haldane — noun 1. Scottish geneticist (son of John Haldane) who contributed to the development of population genetics; a popularizer of science and a Marxist (1892 1964) • Syn: ↑J. B. S. Haldane, ↑John Burdon Sanderson Haldane • Instance Hypernyms:… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Haldane — /hawl dayn/, n. 1. John Burdon Sanderson /berr dn san deuhr seuhn/, 1892 1964, English biochemist, geneticist, and writer. 2. his father, John Scott, 1860 1936, Scottish physiologist and writer. 3. Richard Burdon (Viscount Haldane of Cloan), 1856 …   Universalium

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  • John Haldane — may refer to:* John Haldane, MP for Scotland * John Burdon Sanderson Haldane British biologist * John Joseph Haldane British philosopher * John Scott Haldane British physiologist …   Wikipedia

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