Wilkins , John

Wilkins , John
(1614–1672) English mathematician and scientist
Born at Fawsley in Northamptonshire, Wilkins was educated at Oxford University, graduating in 1631. He was a parliamentarian during the English Civil War and became warden of Wadham College, Oxford University. In 1659 he was appointed master of Trinity College, Cambridge University. After the Restoration he lost his post but regained favor to become bishop of Chester.
Wilkins's chief contribution to the development of science was his part in founding the Royal Society. His influence can be traced back to his student days at Oxford when he collected around him a lively group of philosophers and scientists who later became founder members of the society in 1662. His own writings covered a wide range of fields and although he had a certain amount of mathematical knowledge he was more a practical scientist. His Discovery of a World in the Moon (1638) is a fantasy in which he speculated about the structure of the Moon. A later semimathematical work, Mathematical Magick, deals with the principles of machine design and in it Wilkins argued that perpetual motion is a theoretical possibility. One nonscientific interest to which Wilkins devoted much time was his project of devising a universal language.

Scientists. . 2011.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • WILKINS, JOHN —    bishop of Chester, born in Northamptonshire; married Oliver Cromwell s sister; wrote mathematical treatises, a curious one in particular, Discovery of a New World, and was one of the founders of the Royal Society (1614 1672) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Wilkins, John — (1614 1672)    Mathematician and divine, s. of a goldsmith in Oxf., but b. at Daventry and ed. at Oxf., entered the Church, held many preferments, and became Bishop of Chester. He m. a sister of Oliver Cromwell, and being of an easy temper and… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • John Witkins — John Wilkins Pour les articles homonymes, voir Wilkins. John Wilkins. John Wilkins (1er janvier 1614 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • John Witkins (1614-1672) — John Wilkins Pour les articles homonymes, voir Wilkins. John Wilkins. John Wilkins (1er janvier 1614 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • John Wilkins — (* 1. Januar 1614 in Fawsley, Northamptonshire; † 19. November 1672 in London) war Bischof von Chester und Gründungsmitglied, sowie erster Sekretär der Royal Society …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Bowers (loudspeaker builder) — John George Frederick Bowers (1923 ndash; 1987), born near Worthing, UK was in special operations during World War II contacting allied resistance in occupied Europe by radio transmissions. Posted in Germany in the Royal Corps of Signals, he met… …   Wikipedia

  • John Wilkins — John Wilkins. John Wilkins, religioso y naturalista inglés ( * 1 de enero de 1614 19 de noviembre de 1672) decano de Ripon, capellán de Carlos Luis, príncipe palatino, posteriormente obispo de Chester y director de uno de los colegios de Oxford;… …   Wikipedia Español

  • John Wray — John Ray Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ray (homonymie). John Ray …   Wikipédia en Français

  • John Ray — John Ray. John Ray (29 de noviembre de 1627 en la villa de Black Notley, cerca de Braintree (Essex) 17 de enero de 1705 en Black p Notley),fue un naturalista inglés, a veces llamado el padre de la historia natural británica. Hasta 1670, firmó… …   Wikipedia Español

  • John Wilkins — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Wilkins. John Wilkins. John Wilkins (1er janvier 1614, Fawsley, No …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”