Bernoulli , Daniel

Bernoulli , Daniel
(1700–1782) Swiss mathematician
Daniel was a son of Johann I Bernoulli. Of all the Bernoulli family he was probably the most outstanding mathematician and certainly the one with the widest scientific interests. Daniel, who was born in Groningen in the Netherlands, studied at the universities of Basel, Strasbourg, and Heidelberg. His studies, which reflected his already wide interests, included logic, philosophy, and medicine in addition to mathematics.
In 1724 Daniel produced his first important piece of mathematical research – a work on differential equations, which sufficiently impressed the European scientific community to earn him an invitation to the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences as a professor of mathematics. Once installed in Russia he continued to pursue his varied interests and obtained a post at the academy for his friend Leonhard Euler. In 1733 he left Russia to return to Switzerland to take up a chair in mathematics at Basel. Bernoulli's wide interests continued to occupy him and during his time at Basel he also held posts in botany, anatomy, physiology, and physics.
In Switzerland Daniel did the work for which he is best known, namely his virtual founding of the modern science of hydrodynamics using Isaac Newton's laws of force. He published these ideas in his Hydrodynamica (1738). Apart from his work in fluid dynamics Daniel made distinguished contributions to probability theory and differential equations in mathematics, and to electrostatics in physics. He also laid the basis for the kinetic theory of gases. Like his uncle, Jakob I Bernoulli, Daniel corresponded voluminously with many scholars throughout Europe, thus extensively disseminating his new ideas.

Scientists. . 2011.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bernoulli, Daniel — ▪ Swiss mathematician born Feb. 8 [Jan. 29, Old Style], 1700, Groningen, Neth. died March 17, 1782, Basel, Switz.       the most distinguished of the second generation of the Bernoulli family of Swiss mathematicians. He investigated not only… …   Universalium

  • Bernoulli, Daniel — ► (1700 82) Matemático suizo, hijo de Jean Bernoulli. Considerado uno de los fundadores de la física matemática, campo en el que destaca su contribución a la hidrodinámica y a la teoría de la elasticidad …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Daniel Bernoulli — Born 29 January 1700 Groningen …   Wikipedia

  • Daniel Bernoulli — (* 29. Januarjul./ 8. Februar 1700greg. in Groningen; † 17. März 1782 in Basel) war ein Schweizer Mathematiker und …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Daniel I. Bernoulli — Daniel Bernoulli Daniel Bernoulli (* 8. Februar 1700 in Groningen; † 17. März 1782 in Basel) war ein schweizerischer Mathematiker und Physiker aus der Gelehrtenfamilie Bernoulli. Er arbeitete mit Leonhard Euler an den Gleichungen, die ihre Na …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Daniel Bernoulli — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Daniel Bernoulli Retrato por Johann Rudolf Huber …   Wikipedia Español

  • BERNOULLI (LES) — Originaire d’Anvers, mais fixée à Bâle depuis la fin du XVIe siècle, l’illustre famille des Bernoulli a donné en moins de trois générations une pléiade de mathématiciens. Adeptes enthousiastes du calcul infinitésimal alors en pleine élaboration,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Bernoulli's principle — n. 〚after BERNOULLI Daniel〛 the statement that an increase in the speed of a fluid produces a decrease in pressure and a decrease in the speed produces an increase in pressure * * * or Bernoulli s theorem Principle that relates pressure, velocity …   Universalium

  • Bernoulli's principle — n. [after BERNOULLI Daniel] the statement that an increase in the speed of a fluid produces a decrease in pressure and a decrease in the speed produces an increase in pressure …   English World dictionary

  • Daniel Bernoulli — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Famille Bernoulli. Daniel Bernoulli Naissance 8 février  …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”