Sedgwick , Adam

Sedgwick , Adam
(1785–1873) British geologist and mathematician
Sedgwick was the son of the vicar of Dent in England. He graduated in mathematics from Cambridge University in 1808, was made a fellow in 1810, and was elected to the Woodwardian Chair of Geology in 1818, a post he retained until his death. He was made president of the Geological Society in 1829.
In 1831 he began a study of the Paleozoic rocks of Wales, choosing an older region than the Silurian recently discovered by Roderick Murchison. In 1835 he named the oldest fossiliferous strata the Cambrian (after Cambria, the ancient name for Wales). This immediately caused a problem for there was no reliable way to distinguish the Upper Cambrian from the Lower Silurian.
Sedgwick formed a close friendship with Murchison. The two made their most significant joint investigation with their identification of the Devonian System from studies in southwest England in 1839. The partnership between Sedgwick and Murchison was broken when Murchison annexed what Sedgwick considered to be his Upper Cambrian into the Silurian. The bitter dispute between the two over these Lower Paleozoic strata was not resolved until after Sedgwick's death, when Charles Lapworth proposed that the strata should form a new system – the Ordovician.
Sedgwick's works included A Synopsis of the Classification of the British Paleozoic Rocks (1855). In 1841, largely due to Sedgwick, a museum now bearing his name was opened to house the growing geological collection. Sedgwick was, throughout his life, a committed opponent of Darwin's theory of evolution.

Scientists. . 2011.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sedgwick, Adam — born March 22, 1785, Dent, Yorkshire, Eng. died Jan. 27, 1873, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire English geologist. A pioneer in the establishment of geology as a university discipline (Trinity College, Oxford), he named the Cambrian Period and (with… …   Universalium

  • Sedgwick, Adam — (22 mar. 1785, Dent, Yorkshire, Inglaterra–27 ene. 1873, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire). Geólogo inglés. Pionero en el establecimiento de la geología como una disciplina universitaria (Trinity College, Oxford), le asignó el nombre al cámbrico y… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • SEDGWICK, ADAM —    geologist, born at Dent, Yorkshire; graduated at Cambridge in 1808, became a Fellow in the same year, and in 1818 was elected to the Woodward chair of Geology; co operated with Murchison in the study of the geological formation of the Alps and …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Adam Sedgwick — Nacimiento 1785 Fallecimiento 1873 Residencia …   Wikipedia Español

  • Adam (Vorname) — Adam ist ein männlicher Vorname und ein Familienname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Varianten 3 Namenstage 4 Bekannte Namensträger 4.1 Vorname …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Adam — bezeichnet: eine Person, die in der Bibel und dem Koran als erster Mensch benannt wird, siehe Adam und Eva den ursprünglichen Menschen in der kabbalistischen Lehre, siehe Adam Qadmon einen Familien sowie männlichen Vornamen, siehe Adam (Name)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Adam — Adam, Édouard Jean * * * (as used in expressions) Adam, pico de Adam, Robert Elsheimer, Adam Mickiewicz, Adam (Bernard) Oehlenschläger, Adam Gottlob Powell, Adam Clayton, Jr. Sedgwick, Adam Sienkiewicz …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Adam Sedgwick — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Sedgwick. Adam Sedgwick Adam Sedgwick (22 mars 1785 – 27 janvier 1873), géologue …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Adam — /ad euhm/ for 1, 3, 5 8; /ann dahonn / for 2, 4, n. 1. the name of the first man: husband of Eve and progenitor of the human race. Gen. 2:7; 5:1 5. 2. Adolphe Charles /ann dawlf shannrddl/, 1803 56, French composer of comic opera and ballet music …   Universalium

  • Adam Sedgwick — 1832 Adam Sedgwick (* 22. März 1785 in Dent, Yorkshire; † 27. Januar 1873 in Cambridge) war einer der Begründer der modernen Geologie. Er schlug sowohl die Devon als auch die Kambrium Periode als Bestandteile für die geologischen Zeitskala vor.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”