Sabine , Sir Edward

Sabine , Sir Edward
(1788–1883) British geophysicist
Sabine, a Dubliner by birth, was educated at the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, near London, and was commissioned in the Royal Artillery in 1803. He took part in a number of expeditions, sailing as astronomer and meteorologist with John Ross in 1818 and William Parry in 1820 in their search for the Northwest Passage. He made other trips to the tropics and Greenland. Using Henry Katers's pendulum, he made observations at different latitudes to investigate the figure (shape) of the Earth but his results overestimated its ellipticity. He also established magnetic observatories in several British colonies. Sabine was knighted in 1869.
Sabine's main scientific achievement was in the field of geomagnetism. In 1851 he announced that he had detected a periodicity of about 10–11 years in the occurrence of magnetic perturbations, in which the magnetic needle deviates abnormally from its average position. This was also discovered by Johann von Lamont at about the same time but Sabine took the further step of correlating the variations in magnetic activity with the sunspot cycle discovered by Heinrich Schwabe in 1843.
Sabine was secretary of the British Association (1838–59) and while in charge of the Royal Observatory at Kew he attempted to organize a number of small observatories throughout the world sending him data to be processed at Kew. He developed a theory in which the Earth's magnetic field was part of the atmosphere. In 1839 Karl Gauss succeeded in demonstrating that the magnetic field was restricted to the interior and surface of the Earth.

Scientists. . 2011.

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  • Sabine, Sir Edward — born Oct. 14, 1788, Dublin, Ire. died June 26, 1883, East Sheen, Surrey, Eng. British astronomer and geodesist. He accompanied the expeditions of John Ross (1818) and William Parry (1819) in search of the Northwest Passage. In 1821 he began… …   Universalium

  • Sabine, Sir Edward — (14. oct. 1788, Dublin, Irlanda–26 jun, 1883, East Sheen, Surrey, Inglaterra). Astrónomo y geodesta británico. Participó en las expediciones de John Ross (1818) y William Parry (1819) en búsqueda del paso del Noroeste. En 1821 comenzó a realizar… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • SABINE, SIR EDWARD —    a noted physicist, born in Dublin; served in artillery in 1803, maintained his connection with it till his retirement in 1874 as general, but owes his celebrity to his important investigations into the nature of terrestrial magnetism;… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Edward — /ed weuhrd/, n. 1. Prince of Wales and Duke of Cornwall ( The Black Prince ), 1330 76, English military leader (son of Edward III). 2. Lake, a lake in central Africa, between Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo: a source of the Nile.… …   Universalium

  • sir — /serr/, n. 1. a respectful or formal term of address used to a man: No, sir. 2. (cap.) the distinctive title of a knight or baronet: Sir Walter Scott. 3. (cap.) a title of respect for some notable personage of ancient times: Sir Pandarus of Troy …   Universalium

  • Edward — (as used in expressions) Abbey, Edward Acheson, Edward Goodrich Acton (de Aldenham), John Emerich Edward Dahlberg Acton, 1 barón Albee, Edward (Franklin) Edward Teach Bax, Sir Arnold (Edward Trevor) Bellamy, Edward Bernays, Edward L. Charles… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Edward Sabine — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Sabine. Sir Edward Sabine est un astronome britannique, né le 14 octobre 1788 à Dublin et mort le 26 juin 1883 à East Sheen dans le Surrey. Il sert dans l’artillerie britannique et occupe le… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Edward Sabine — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Edward Sabine Nacimiento 14 de octubre de 1788 Dublín (Irlanda) …   Wikipedia Español

  • Edward Sabine — Sir Edward Sabine (* 14. Oktober 1788 in Dublin, Irland; † 26. Juni 1883 in Richmond upon Thames, Surrey) war ein irischer Astronom. Edward Sabine war der Sohn von Joseph Sabine. Sein ältester Bruder hieß ebenfalls Joseph Sabine (1770–1837); er… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sabine (disambiguation) — Sabine refers to:*The Sabine tribe, an Italic tribe of ancient Italy, and their territory, which still bears the ancient tribe s namePeople*Joseph Sabine (1770 1837), English lawyer and naturalist *Wallace Sabine (1868 1919), physicist *Sir… …   Wikipedia

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