Pontecorvo , Guido

Pontecorvo , Guido
(1907–) Italian–British geneticist
Pontecorvo was born in Pisa, Italy. Having graduated in agricultural sciences from the university in his native city of Pisa in 1928, he spent the following nine years in Florence, supervising the Tuscany cattle-breeding program. Political conditions caused him to leave Italy in 1938, his intention being to continue with similar work in Peru. However he first accepted an invitation to the Institute of Animal Genetics in Edinburgh, where he met the famous American geneticist Hermann Muller, another visitor at the institute. Under Muller's influence Pontecorvo became increasingly interested in pure genetics and together with Muller he devised an elegant method for investigating the genetic differences between species that produce sterile hybrids on crossing.
Pontecorvo remained in Edinburgh working on Drosophilaspecies and gained his PhD in 1941. Two factors then prompted him to change from Drosophila genetics to fungal genetics, firstly the dire need for penicillin during World War II and secondly his interest in the structure and function of the gene, a topic more easily investigated in the fungi.
Pontecorvo's work on the fungus Aspergillus nidulans led to the discovery, with Joseph Roper, of the parasexual cycle in 1950. This cycle gives rise to genetic reassortment by means other than sexual reproduction and its discovery provided a method of genetically analyzing asexual fungi. Pontecorvo also put forward the idea of the gene as a unit of function, a theory substantiated by Seymour Benzer in 1955. Pontecorvo occupied the first chair of genetics at Glasgow University from 1955 until 1961, when he moved to the Imperial Cancer Research Fund. He retired in 1975.

Scientists. . 2011.

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  • Pontecorvo, Guido — born Nov. 29, 1907, Pisa, Italy died Sept. 24, 1999, near Zermatt, Switz. Italian born British geneticist. In 1938, influenced by Hermann Joseph Muller, he designed a method for studying genetic differences among species that usually produce… …   Universalium

  • Pontecorvo, Guido — (29 nov. 1907, Pisa, Italia–24 sep. 1999, cerca de Zermatt, Suiza). Genetista británico nacido en Italia. En 1938, influido por Hermann Joseph Muller, diseñó un método para estudiar las diferencias genéticas entre especies que habitualmente… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Guido — guido, da. adj. germ. Bueno en su género. * * * Guido, Alfredo Guido, José M.ª ► (m. 894) Emperador de Occidente en 891 894 y rey de Italia en 889 894. Venció a los musulmanes en Garigliano (885). * * * (as used in …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Guido — /gwee doh/; It. /gwee daw/, n. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Adler Guido Guido di Pietro Bülow Hans Guido baron von Guido of Burgundy Cavalcanti Guido Guido d Arezzo Pontecorvo Guido Reni Guido * * * …   Universalium

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  • Guido Pontecorvo — Infobox Scientist name = PAGENAME box width = image size =150px caption = PAGENAME birth date = 29 November 1907 birth place = Pisa, Italy death date = 25 September 1999 death place = residence = |citizenship = nationality = ethnicity = field =… …   Wikipedia

  • Bruno Pontecorvo — russian: Бруно Понтекорво (Marina di Pisa, Italy, August 22, 1913 Dubna, Russia, September 24, 1993) was an Italian born atomic physicist, an early assistant of Enrico Fermi and then the author of numerous studies in high energy physics,… …   Wikipedia

  • Gillo Pontecorvo — Gillo Pontecorvo, eigentlich Gilberto Pontecorvo (* 19. November 1919 in Pisa; † 12. Oktober 2006 in Rom), war ein italienischer Filmregisseur. Gilberto Pontecorvo, dessen Brüder Bruno Pontecorvo und Guido Pontecorvo renommierte… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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